لزوم پاكي درون


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۱فَریسیان به‌همراه برخی از علمای دین که از اورشلیم آمده بودند، نزد عیسی گرد آمدند ۲و دیدند برخی از شاگردان او با دستهای نجس، یعنی ناشسته، غذا می‌خورند. ۳فَریسیان و نیز تمامی یهودیان، به سنّت مشایخ خود پایبندند و تا دستهای خود را طبق آداب تطهیر نشویند، خوراک نمی‌خورند. ۴چون از بازار می‌آیند، تا شستشو نکنند چیزی نمی‌خورند. و بسیار سنن دیگر را نیز نگاه می‌دارند، همچون شستن پیاله‌ها، دیگها و ظروف مسی. ۵پس فَریسیان و علمای دین از عیسی پرسیدند: چرا شاگردان تو طبق سنّت مشایخ رفتار نمی‌کنند، و با دستهای نجس غذا می‌خورند؟ ۶او پاسخ داد: اِشَعْیا دربارۀ شما ریاکاران چه خوب پیشگویی کرد! چنانکه نوشته شده است: این قوم با لبهای خود مرا حرمت می‌دارند، امّا دلشان از من دور است. ۷آنان بیهوده مرا عبادت می‌کنند، و تعلیمشان چیزی جز فرایض بشری نیست. ۸شما احکام خدا را کنار گذاشته‌اید و سنّتهای بشری را نگاه می‌دارید. ۹سپس گفت: شما زیرکانه حکم خدا را کنار می‌گذارید تا سنّت خود را نگاه دارید! ۱۰زیرا موسی گفت، پدر و مادر خود را گرامی‌دار، و نیز، هر‌که پدر یا مادر خود را ناسزا گوید، باید کشته شود. ۱۱امّا شما می‌گویید شخص می‌تواند به پدر یا مادرش بگوید: هر کمکی که ممکن بود از من دریافت کنید، قربان -‏‏ یعنی وقف خدا -‏‏ است، ۱۲و بدینگونه نمی‌گذارید هیچ کاری برای پدر یا مادرش بکند.۱۳شما اینچنین با سنّتهای خود، که آنها را به دیگران نیز منتقل می‌کنید، کلام خدا را باطل می‌شمارید و از اینگونه کارها بسیار انجام می‌دهید.۱۴عیسی دیگربار آن جماعت را نزد خود فراخواند و گفت: همۀ شما به من گوش فرادهید و این را دریابید:۱۵هیچ‌چیزی بیرون از آدمی نیست که بتواند با داخل شدن به او، وی را نجس سازد، بلکه آنچه از درون آدمی بیرون می‌آید، وی را نجس می‌سازد. ۱۶هر‌که گوش شنوا دارد، بشنود! ۱۷پس از آنکه جماعت را ترک گفت و به خانه درآمد، شاگردانش معنی مَثَل را از او پرسیدند.۱۸گفت: آیا شما نیز درک نمی‌کنید؟ آیا نمی‌دانید که آنچه از بیرون به آدمی داخل می‌شود، نمی‌تواند او را نجس سازد؟ ۱۹زیرا به‌دلش راه نمی‌یابد، بلکه به‌درون شکمش می‌رود و سپس دفع می‌شود. عیسی با این سخن، همۀ خوراکها را پاک اعلام کرد. ۲۰او ادامه داد: آنچه از درونِ آدمی بیرون می‌آید، آن است که او را نجس می‌سازد. ۲۱زیرا اینهاست آنچه از درون و دل انسان بیرون می‌آید: افکار پلید، بی‌عفتی، دزدی، قتل، زنا، ۲۲طمع، بدخواهی، حیله، هرزگی، حسادت، تهمت، تکبّر و حماقت. ۲۳این بدیها همه از درون سرچشمه می‌گیرد و آدمی را نجس می‌سازد.

مرقس۷: ۲۳ـ۱

59 دیدگاه در “لزوم پاكي درون”

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