گزینش الهی

۹

         در مسیح راست می‌گویم، نه دروغ، و وجدانم به‌واسطۀ روح‌القدس مرا گواه است که۲در قلب خود دردی جانکاه و اندوهی همیشگی دارم.۳زیرا آرزو می‌داشتم در راه برادرانم، یعنی آنان که همنژاد مَنَند، ملعون شوم و از مسیح محروم گردم.۴آنها اسرائیلی‌اند و فرزندخواندگی، جلال الهی، عهدها، ودیعۀ شریعت، عبادت در معبد، و وعده‌ها، همه از آنِ ایشان است؛۵و نیز پدران به ایشان تعلق دارند، و مسیح به‌لحاظ بشری از نسل آنان است، خدای مافوقِ همه که او را تا به ابد سپاس باد. آمین. ۶حال، مقصود این نیست که کلام خدا به انجام نرسیده است، زیرا همۀ کسانی که از قوم اسرائیل‌اند، براستی اسرائیلی نیستند؛۷و نیز همۀ کسانی که از نسل ابراهیم‌اند، فرزندان او شمرده نمی‌شوند. بلکه گفته شده است: نسل تو از اسحاق محسوب خواهد شد. ۸به دیگر سخن، فرزندان جسمانی نیستند که فرزند خدایند، بلکه فرزندان وعده نسل ابراهیم شمرده می‌شوند.۹زیرا وعده این بود که در زمان مقرر باز‌خواهم گشت و سارا صاحب پسری خواهد شد. ۱۰نه‌تنها این، بلکه فرزندان ربکا نیز از یک پدر، یعنی از جَد ما اسحاق بودند.۱۱امّا پیش از آنکه پسرانِ توأمان به دنیا بیایند، و یا عملی خوب یا بد انجام دهند – برای اینکه مقصود خدا در گزینش استوار بماند،۱۲نه از راه اعمال، بلکه به‌واسطۀ او که انسان را فرامی‌خواند – به ربکا گفته شد که , بزرگتر کوچکتر را بندگی خواهد کرد.۱۳چنانکه نوشته شده است: یعقوب را دوست داشتم، امّا از عیسو بیزار بودم. ۱۴پس چه گوییم؟ آیا خدا بی‌انصاف است؟ هرگز!۱۵زیرا به موسی می‌گوید: رحم خواهم کرد بر هر‌که نسبت به او رحیم هستم؛ و شفقت خواهم کرد بر هر‌که نسبت به او شفقت دارم. ۱۶بنابراین، به خواست یا تلاش انسان بستگی ندارد، بلکه به خدایی بستگی دارد که رحم می‌کند.۱۷زیرا کتاب به فرعون می‌گوید: تو را به همین منظور برانگیختم تا قدرت خود را در تو ظاهر سازم، و نامم در تمامی جهان اعلام گردد.۱۸پس خدا بر هر‌که بخواهد رحم می‌کند و هر‌که را بخواهد سختدل می‌سازد. ۱۹مرا خواهی گفت: پس دیگر چرا ما را سرزنش می‌کند؟ زیرا کیست که بتواند در برابر ارادۀ او ایستادگی کند؟۲۰امّا ای انسان، تو کیستی که با خدا مجادله کنی؟ آیا مصنوع می‌تواند به صانع خود بگوید چرا مرا چنین ساختی؟۲۱آیا کوزه‌گر اختیار ندارد که از توده‌گِلی واحد، ظرفی برای مصارف مهم و ظرفی دیگر برای مصارف معمولی بسازد؟ ۲۲چه می‌توان گفت اگر خدا با اینکه می‌خواهد غضب خود را نشان دهد و قدرت خویش را نمایان سازد، ظروفِ مورد غضب را که برای هلاکت آماده شده‌اند با بردباری بسیار تحمل کند،۲۳تا بتواند عظمت جلال خود را بر ظروفِ مورد رحمت معلوم گرداند، ظروفی که آنان را پیشاپیش برای جلال آماده کرده است؟ ۲۴این ظروفِ مورد رحمت، ما را نیز که از سوی او فراخوانده شده‌ایم، شامل می‌شود، نه‌تنها از یهودیان، بلکه از غیریهودیان نیز. ۲۵چنانکه در هوشَع می‌گوید: آنان را که قوم من نبودند، ”قوم خویش“ خواهم خواند، و او را که محبوب من نبود، ”محبوب خویش“ خواهم نامید. ۲۶و نیز: چنین خواهد شد که در همان جایی که به ایشان گفته شد: ”شما قوم من نیستید“، ایشان ”پسران خدای زنده“ خوانده خواهند شد.  ۲۷و اِشَعْیا دربارۀ قوم اسرائیل ندا درمی‌دهد که: حتی اگر شمار بنی اسرائیل به اندازۀ شنهای ساحل دریا باشد، تنها باقیمانده‌ای از آنان نجات خواهند یافت.۲۸زیرا خداوند حکم خود را به‌طور کامل و قطعی بر زمین اجرا خواهد کرد. ۲۹و چنانکه اِشَعْیا پیشگویی کرده است: اگر خداوندِ لشکرها نسلی برای ما باقی نمی‌گذاشت،مانند سُدوم و همچون غَمورَه می‌شدیم.

رومیان۹: ۲۹ـ۱

531 دیدگاه در “گزینش الهی”

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